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30 most classic symphonies, cultivate elegant temperament

Johann sebastian bach is one of the outstanding composers in the Baroque period. His representative works include Aria on G String and Brandenburg Concerto. Aria on the G String is one of Bach’s most famous works. Its beautiful melody and complex composition make it one of the representatives of Baroque music. The Brandenburg Concerto is a set of six concertos, which shows Bach’s exquisite use of different instruments and outstanding creative talent.

George frideric handel is a German composer in the Baroque period. His representative works include Royal Fireworks Music and Messiah. Royal Fireworks Music was written for the celebration of King George II of England, and Water Music is one of Handel’s classics. The Messiah is a religious oratorio, especially the Hallelujah Hymn.

Joseph haydn is an Austrian composer in the classical period. His works are rich and colorful, including symphonies and sonatas. Genesis is a masterpiece of his religious music, which contains aria and chorus, and expresses praise for God’s creation of the world. In addition, Haydn’s symphonies and sonatas have also become one of the classics of classical music.

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Antonio Vivaldi, an Italian composer in Baroque period, is famous for his string concerto The Four Seasons. Among them, the first movement of Spring in Four Seasons is the most well-known, which vividly depicts the scene of spring and is the pinnacle of Vivaldi’s music.

Ludwig van Beethoven is a German composer in the classical period, and his nine symphonies are regarded as the pinnacle of classical music. Among them, the chorus part of the Ninth Symphony creatively introduced chorus, which became a pioneering work in the history of music. In addition, Beethoven’s violin sonatas, piano concertos and other works are also highly respected.

Mozart was an Austrian composer in the classical period, and his music works were rich and varied. Piano Concerto No.21 and Symphony No.40 among piano concertos are both one of Mozart’s most popular works. The Marriage of Figaro is one of his most famous operas, while Serenade of Strings is a deeply loved chamber music.

schubert

Quintet "Trout" in A majorAmong them, the third movement, "Humor", is the most famous. This work shows Schubert’s unique melody and emotion.

String Quartet No.14 in D minor "death and the maiden"This work expresses deep thinking and dramatic musical structure, and is considered as one of Schubert’s most outstanding chamber music.

Berlioz

symphonie fantastiqueIt is famous for the solo of four harps in the second movement, and it is a symphony with romantic atmosphere.

Mendelssohn

A Midsummer Night’s DreamIncluding the familiar wedding March, it is music based on Shakespeare’s play of the same name.

Violin concerto in e majorAll three movements are very popular and are one of Mendelssohn’s four violin concertos.

Brahms

symphony no. 1 in d major titan waartAlso known as Beethoven’s Tenth Symphony, the fourth movement imitates the melody of Ode to Joy.

The second, third and fourth symphoniesBrahms’s symphonies are full of depth and emotion, and they are masterpieces of romantic music.

Chopin

19 nocturnesAmong them, the first three songs are the most famous, which show Chopin’s unique contribution to the poetic expression of piano.

The first and second piano concertosEspecially the second movement of the first concerto is extremely feminine and has unique aesthetic feelings.

Robert Schumann

Childhood sceneThe seventh "Dream Song" is the most classic, expressing Schumann’s deep attachment to the children’s world.

carnivalA piano solo work with a strong romantic flavor.

Liszt

hungarian rhapsodyThe second and sixth songs are the most famous, showing Liszt’s rich piano skills and romantic enthusiasm.

Piano concerto no.1 in e majorCombining elements of scherzo, it is a concerto full of creativity and individuality.

tschaikovsky

tchaikovsky: piano concerto no.1This work is famous for its romance, passion and technical requirements, and it is one of the classics in the piano concerto.

Swan LakeIt is famous for its gorgeous music and beautiful dance, especially the waltz.

The NutcrackerThe music of this ballet is one of Tchaikovsky’s most popular works, including Waltz of Flowers and Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy.

Dvorak

Symphony No.9 "From the New World"Especially the second movement, which is famous for its moving melody, is an outstanding work of dvorak.

Slavic dance musicA series of dance music with strong national characteristics shows dvorak’s love for Czech culture.

Debussy

Nocturnal, the sea, the afternoon of the shepherd.These works show Debussy’s unique contribution to impressionist music, full of color and imagination.

Ravel

Mother goose suiteIt is famous for its relaxed and humorous music, including the Camellia Trio.

PoleroIt is a famous orchestral work of Ravel, which is popular for its dynamic and enthusiasm.

bedrich smetana

my motherlandEspecially the second movement "vltava river" is one of Smetana’s representative works.

the bartered brideThe music of this opera is one of the most famous works of Smetana.

Grieg

Piano concerto in a minorIt is one of the masterpieces of Grieg’s piano works, full of excitement and passion.

Pearl gent suiteIncluding "Morning Music" and "Anitra Dance", it is one of the most famous orchestral works of Grieg.

Sibelius

Finnish songIs one of sibelius’s most famous works, expressing his love for Finland and yearning for freedom.

Sad Waltz, Violin Concerto: Showed his deep and Nordic music language.

Rakhmaninov

Paganini rhapsodyIt is famous for the complexity and romantic feelings of its variations, especially the 18th variation.

Piano Concerto No.2Especially the second movement is praised for its affectionate and beautiful melody.

The above are just some of the composers and works you mentioned, and each composer has rich music creation. I hope these brief introductions can stimulate your interest in classical music. Welcome to continue to learn more about these great composers and their music works.

Lv Xiaoming, a famous basketball player, and Chen Jiawei, a new star of skipping rope: Join hands with 361 to help "China loves, passing on from generation to generation"

Flames jump in the sun, cheers spread in the crowd, and the torch relay of Hangzhou Asian Games is in full swing. In this grand ceremony, the torchbearers holding the flame high are undoubtedly the focus of the camera. They are outstanding representatives from all walks of life, but also important messengers of the Asian Games spirit.

As professional athletes in their respective fields, Lv Xiaoming, a famous basketball player, and Chen Jiawei, a jumping rope star, are also among the torchbearers of the Hangzhou Asian Games. With vigorous posture, they hand in hand with 361 to pass on "China Love" to the next stick.

Lv Xiaoming, a famous basketball player, loves never to leave.

"As long as you get to the stadium, you are very passionate, that is, love! Basketball is very important in my life. " Lv Xiaoming used to be a famous defender in China Men’s Basketball Professional League, and became the assists king in CBA League for three consecutive seasons, and was also selected for the China Men’s Basketball Team. Because of his love for basketball, he still paid attention to the future and development of basketball in China after retiring, and took root in basic basketball training. Over the years, he trained a large number of young players and became one of their first mentors. He also opened the basketball camp-"Lv Xiaoming basketball camp" in his own name, and now the training camp has become a resounding signboard in the field of domestic basketball youth training, which has been recognized by both inside and outside the industry.

Lv Xiaoming’s love for sports and his support for youth sports coincide with 361. For a long time, 361 has invested a lot of resources and energy in the field of youth sports, and its own IP "Touching the ground and burning" has been established as a professional basketball event, which has specially added junior group events. On May 13th, Lv Xiaoming and 361 jointly launched the # Assisting Future # program, and jointly launched the "Touching the Ground and Burning Young basketball camp" in Chengdu, and served as the head coach of 361 Junior Basketball, personally guiding the younger generation of basketball fans and igniting their basketball enthusiasm and dreams.

Chen Jiawei, a jumping rope star, insists on making breakthroughs.

Chen Jiawei, who has been selected into the national skipping team for many times, participated in the World Skipping Championships and the Asian Skipping Championships, and is a member of the lecturer group of the Guangzhou Skipping Association. At the age of 17, he has made outstanding achievements in various competitions at home and abroad and won numerous awards.

Chen Jiawei’s close friend relationship with 361 was established in sports, and he was a loyal user of 361. In his view, 361 brand is professional, young and energetic, and its sports equipment surprises him in comfort, wear resistance, scientific and technological content and design. Now he wears professional rope skipping equipment provided by 361 in every training and competition, especially the rebound and shock absorption of rope skipping shoes and other scientific and technological applications have greatly helped him.

Chen Jiawei is a representative in the field of youth sports, and 361 continues to empower more teenagers who love sports like him. Not long ago, in the 2023 World Rope Skipping Championship, 361 helped China rope skipping national team to win 20 gold, 11 silver and 5 bronze medals, and broke four world records in succession, contributing to promoting the health of Chinese teenagers.

For ordinary people, skipping is a simple and economical way of exercise, which can be used for entertainment and physical exercise, but for professional skipping athletes, it is a sport that needs repeated practice, and it takes persistence day after day to achieve a breakthrough and achieve good results.

Chen Jiawei once said, "If I encounter difficulties in training, I will practice more myself, such as speed skipping. If I can’t break my best performance, I will work harder on speed. Of course, the speed of training may be boring and you need to jump very simply, which requires long-term persistence to break through yourself. "

Chen Jiawei’s love for the sport of skipping rope is also poured behind her persistence. Chen Jiawei said frankly that he was selected by the teacher to join the skipping team at first, and he held the mentality of "giving it a try", but he gradually became fond of this sport in the process of trying, and now skipping has become a career he loves. Not only that, Chen Jiawei said that sports are contagious and influenced by himself. Many students around him also love sports as much as him, and often run and play ball together.

Join hands with 361 to help "China loves and passes on from generation to generation"

Both Lv Xiaoming and Chen Jiawei are influencing more teenagers with their own personal experiences and practical actions, vividly interpreting the connotation of "China’s love is passed down from generation to generation".

Nowadays, Lv Xiaoming and Chen Jiawei, as outstanding athletes in their respective fields, have been selected as the torchbearers of the Asian Games to participate in the "firewood relay", which is also the recognition and encouragement of their professional strength. At the same time, 361, as the leading national sports brand in China, has been deeply involved in the field of sports specialty for many years, committed to providing sports enthusiasts with high-quality sports equipment and support, and has sponsored many large-scale international sports events such as the Asian Games and the Olympic Games, and has become one of the most important "boosters" for the development of sports in China. The combination of professional athletes and professional sports brands will provide strong support for the development of sports in China.

The torch relay of the Asian Games is connected with the past, symbolizing inheritance and conveying a positive spirit. With the help of this important ceremony, Lv Xiaoming and Chen Jiawei passed on their persistence and love for sports to more people. At the same time, as the official partner of the four consecutive Asian Games, 361 is once again facing the world, so that more people can see the strength and elegance of China’s national sports brand!

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Arsenal, Artta is fighting! Can it be done to ensure peace and win?

Arsenal have won three draws in a row!

First, we drew with Liverpool, West Ham United and even Southampton, the last team. It’s normal for Arteta to get angry.

However, Arsenal are about to challenge Manchester City at Etihad Stadium. Guardiola’s Manchester City is Arsenal’s biggest competitor. In other words, Arsenal must fight hard in this game. At the very least, get a draw!

The state of Manchester City is hot.

At 23: 45 on April 22nd, in the semi-final of the 2022-2023 FA Cup, Manchester City played at home against the Championship team Sheffield United. Mahrez of Manchester City scored a hat trick, and Manchester City beat Sheffield United 3-0 to advance to the FA Cup final.

Their opponent will be Manchester United. The hot state, on the other hand, is that the event is too dense.

On April 27th, Manchester City will play Arsenal at home. This game is worth 6 points. As soon as the game is over, the ownership of this season’s Premier League champion will be seen.

So, did Manchester City in Harland win or Arsenal in Saca win?

When you set foot on your way home, your hometown is meaningful! They gave up the World Cup for the honor of their motherland.

All football players are obsessed with the World Cup, and the depth of this obsession is different. Some people can sacrifice many things in order to participate in the World Cup. They may give up the opportunity to fight for their motherland and become a planning football player, while others will try their best to stay healthy, or even deliberately foul and stop playing in order to perform better in the game. Some people will even do whatever it takes to compete for the highest honor in the football world, but others are willing to give up the World Cup for the honor of their motherland. These people are called fools.

In 2000, at the age of 13, Messi traveled across the ocean to Spain alone and joined the La Marcia Football Youth Training Camp in Barcelona. During the youth training camp, Messi showed amazing talent and skills, which opened his magnificent career as a player. After several years of hard training and unremitting efforts, Messi obtained Spanish nationality in 2005 and officially became a member of the Barcelona team. At that time, the Spanish Football Association couldn’t wait to throw an olive branch to Messi, but at the same time, the Argentine Football Association didn’t realize this rising genius on the other side of the ocean. Some coaches refused to recruit Messi into the national team, and some officials mistakenly wrote Messi’s name as Miki.

But even in the face of these obstacles, Messi, who has dual nationality, still chooses to represent Argentina in football matches. Messi once said that he was an Argentine and only wanted to play for the Argentine national team, so he finally became the representative of Pampas Eagle. At the same time, he also missed the opportunity to play in Spain and the era that belonged to the matador dynasty. If Messi had chosen to stick to Spain, he might have won the World Cup 12 years earlier than now. His road to the king of the ball may not be so tortuous and arduous, but Messi never regretted it.

Like Messi, Rakitic is also a football player with a high sense of responsibility and honor. His parents fled to Switzerland to escape the war and gave birth to him there. Although Rakitic was born in Switzerland, grew up there and made his debut in Barcelona Club, he always thought he was Croatia. When Swiss and Croatian Football Associations extended olive branches to Rakitic at the same time, he made a brave choice and joined the Croatian team without hesitation. Although Switzerland was a top team in the world all the year round, Rakitic still chose to represent his own shortcomings and not participate in the competition in the motherland. This decision symbolizes his high recognition of his lineage, culture and social responsibility.

At the same time, many people don’t understand Rakitic’s practice, but Harland, who is the most valuable in football, must feel the same way. Harland is one of the super stars who can rival Mbappé in today’s football. He has dual English and Norwegian citizenship. However, Harland chose to join the Norwegian team instead of the English team. Although many people think that if Harland wants to win more team honors like Mbappé, he should join the English team, Harland still chose to play for his native Norway. For Harland, the feelings of home and country are one of his most important things. Although team honor and football status are also very important, they are not closely related to his family, culture and hometown.

Harland was born and raised in Norway when he was young, so he was full of deep affection and recognition for his hometown and family. He is a child of Norway, with the blood of the glacier giant flowing in his body, and he will give everything for the Norwegian team. The world is never short of those who have given up higher honor for their motherland. They are not afraid of difficulties, and they do not regret their death, even if they suffer setbacks, they are indomitable. Some people laugh at them for being stupid, but they don’t know that these people deeply love their hometown and cultural traditions. Feelings are the power to inspire people to disperse the haze and ride the wind and waves. These seemingly stupid choices are the real reason why these people are great!

ChatGPT will have self-awareness in two or three years. How to prevent it from threatening human beings? Zhou Hongyi said so.

"The development of ChatGPT is not a matter of competition among several Internet companies, but determines whether China can accumulate this technology in the next industrial revolution." Zhou Hongyi, member of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and founder of 360 Group, told the Times Weekly reporter.

Zhou Hongyi has been elected as a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Committee for two consecutive years, and "safety" has always been the key word of his proposal. Recently, the great breakthrough of ChatGPT has caused extensive discussion. Zhou Hongyi has talked openly about the development prospect of ChatGPT more than once, and also expressed his concern about the safety of artificial intelligence.

In Zhou Hongyi’s view, ChatGPT or Big Language Model is a milestone in the development of artificial intelligence. It is the starting point of general artificial intelligence and the turning point of strong artificial intelligence, so ChatGPT will bring an industrial revolution driven by strong artificial intelligence or general artificial intelligence.

ChatGPT is not only an enhanced version of search engine, but also more than a chat robot. It will reshape all digital applications and industries through the artificial intelligence services provided by SaaS. Zhou Hongyi said, "In this field, we can catch up."

At the National People’s Congress this year, Zhou Hongyi submitted a proposal, calling on China to catch up with the great leap of artificial intelligence big model technology represented by ChatGPT. People should pay more attention to the innovation mode behind technological breakthrough while paying attention to technological innovation.

Zhou Hongyi, member of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and founder of 360 Group.

Promote the innovation and development of artificial intelligence big model technology

ChatGPT has caused a global heated discussion. This year, Zhou Hongyi proposed a large-scale artificial intelligence model technology represented by ChatGPT.

"We must find the law of industrial development in the research process." Zhou Hongyi said, for example, why is ChatGPT successful in the United States? Why did Americans take the lead in making it? Why can OpenAI and Microsoft cooperate? "Understanding these problems can promote relevant departments to formulate policy guidance conducive to the birth of China version of ChatGPT and promote the integration of universities, scientific research institutions and industrial companies in China." Zhou Hongyi said.

"We can’t just see how high its big model parameters are." Zhou Hongyi emphasized that the most important thing is to maintain a good and open culture of cooperation. In his proposal, Zhou Hongyi summed up three key factors for the success of ChatGPT-firstly, the "Microsoft +OpenAI" collaborative mode of production, research and research, secondly, the open innovation mode based on open source and crowdsourcing, and finally, the ecological innovation mode centered on the general big model.

Source: the creativity of the worm

Zhou Hongyi suggested that it is necessary to establish a collaborative innovation model of "large-scale scientific and technological enterprises+key scientific research institutions", build China’s "Microsoft +Open AI" combination, and lead the big model technology research; From the height of building a national strategic scientific and technological force, we should screen production and research institutions with good technical foundation, form an industrial synergy combination with complementary advantages, and give full play to the research advantages of scientific research institutions in key core technologies; At the same time, we will give full play to the advantages of large-scale scientific and technological enterprises in productization, engineering, scene, commercialization and data, and become the leading leader in tackling key problems and application of large-scale model technology.

He also proposed to support the establishment of a number of long-term open source projects of national artificial intelligence models to create an open and innovative ecosystem of open source crowdsourcing. Zhou Hongyi believes that the artificial intelligence big model should not be an advanced technology monopolized by a few companies, but should give full play to its industrial and social value.

Focusing on how to promote the technological innovation and development of artificial intelligence big model, Zhou Hongyi proposed to set up a number of national long-term projects in an open source mode for multiple technical routes, with "large-scale scientific and technological enterprises+key scientific research institutions" as the leader, and guide universities, scientific research institutions and innovative enterprises to form innovative ecological groups of multiple technical routes through open source, cooperation, crowdsourcing and ecological innovation modes. On the one hand, it can reduce the risk caused by the wrong choice of technical route, on the other hand, it can also avoid the monopoly of technological achievements in the hands of a few institutions and promote greater scientific and technological innovation and industrial development.

Not developing is the biggest insecurity.

ChatGPT drives a wave of entrepreneurial craze. Wang Huiwen, the co-founder of Meituan, Zhou Bowen, the former chairman of JD.COM Technical Committee, and Wang Xiaochuan, the former Sogou CEO, successively announced their retirement and entered this frontier field.

Technology giants have returned to the rivers and lakes, and Internet giants such as Ali, Tencent, Baidu and Byte have made statements one after another, which will increase investment in artificial intelligence. Under the craze, it is only a matter of time before China version of artificial intelligence language model and ChatGPT-like products appear.

OpenAI took the lead in developing ChatGPT. What did it do right?

Zhou Hongyi believes that OpenAI uses a large number of open source algorithms and papers, skillfully combines various open source achievements, and cooperates with Microsoft to solve the problems of engineering, computing power, data, product experience and business model. Secondly, like Apple’s App Store ecosystem, OpenAI cultivates vertical applications based on ChatGPT. In addition, user traffic is also very important, attracting users to use it, and at the same time, it can also feed and debug large language models based on manual tagging reinforcement learning. Finally, OpenAI has a long-term spirit and a pattern to make universal artificial intelligence innovations that change human beings.

In Zhou Hongyi’s view, China Internet companies have strong engineering ability and strong technology landing ability. "Now, ChatGPT has made a sample, based on open source technology, and there are no insurmountable obstacles. The rest is a matter of time." Zhou Hongyi firmly believes that "with the support of the state’s encouraging policies, China can achieve a better level of follow-up in two or three years."

The big model of artificial intelligence language has a high entry threshold, which is mainly reflected in both technology and capital.

Citic jiantou research report pointed out that the evolution of Transformer in network structure has brought about the improvement of parameters and model layers, which has caused the qualitative change of generative AI technical ability; At the same time, the advantage of parallelization allows it to train on a larger data set, which also promotes the development of pre-training models such as GPT.

As for why ChatGPT can answer questions, Zhou Hongyi told Times Weekly that the training materials for ChatGPT are very important. He pointed out that people mistakenly thought that since robots are chatting with people, they should learn chat materials. In fact, the chat materials generated by social tools have low knowledge content.

"When we chat, no one is talking about knowledge, but they are all lifting each other’s poles. There are many wisecracks and nonsense words." He explained that the chat robot trained in this way is more than "artificial mental retardation" or "artificial leverage", and the dialogue is illogical.

ChatGPT avoids this kind of corpus, just as a person is not necessarily good at expressing, but he is full of poetry and books, expressing elegance and logic, and everyone is willing to chat with such people. Zhou Hongyi emphasized that it is very important to feed ChatGPT with high-quality corpus.

Tuchong creativity

Artificial intelligence technology promotes social progress and also hides risks.

Zhou Hongyi is worried that if ChatGPT is allowed to input corpus without limitation, and get knowledge of searching and browsing the Internet at will, will the self-conscious GPT have the idea of being hostile to human beings after watching movies like Terminator?

After consciousness, ChatGPT may evolve into "eyes", "ears", "hands" and "feet" in the second step. At present, GPT has only "brain". If you add "eyes" and "ears", you can understand all kinds of images and videos of human beings and understand all kinds of audio, knowledge storage will advance by leaps and bounds, and the level of intelligence will also be greatly improved.

In the future, when ChatGPT accesses the API of the Internet and enters the era of the Internet of Everything, it is undoubtedly equivalent to having "hands" and "feet" and indirectly having the ability to control the world. By then, ChatGPT can not only buy air tickets on the webpage, but also take taxis, order takeout, and even manipulate various IoT devices through the webpage.

Finally, ChatGPT may be able to evolve itself. At present, ChatGPT can only write some simple codes. One day, when its code ability is improved, can it automatically look up its own code, correct the upgraded code, or even recompile a new version? If so, it will have the ability of self-learning and evolution, and realize the prospect of robot manufacturing robots.

Zhou Hongyi insists that the biggest insecurity is not developing artificial intelligence. "Whether humans will therefore go into destruction remains to be seen. However, we can’t stop developing technology, but know where the bottom line and boundary of technology are, so as to regulate the development of technology in the right direction. " Zhou Hongyi said.