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How should parents give reasonable guidance to children who use new media to become younger?

Chen Qingwen, an associate professor at Tongji University, pointed out that parents should balance the opportunities and risks of the Internet when guiding their children to surf the Internet. Photo courtesy of respondents

A chart based on interview data of Chen Qingwen’s team. Photo courtesy of respondents

  I believe many people have had this experience: in some public places, "Xiong Haizi" played games or watched videos with electronic devices such as mobile phones and tablets, and the volume was so loud that parents turned a blind eye. Relevant research reports show that in China, children’s use of new media tends to be younger and more entertaining.

  On the one hand, new media devices that can be networked, such as mobile phones and tablets, have grown up with a new generation of children and once became a "part" of their bodies; On the other hand, the powerful educational function and interpersonal communication use of new media also make it a sharp weapon for learning and communication.

  As the mother of a post-00 generation child, Chen Qingwen, an associate professor at Tongji University’s College of Art and Media, faces the same problem: How and how often do children use new media? How should parents guide their children to use new media reasonably?

  With these questions, Chen Qingwen and his team randomly interviewed 30 families of children aged 3-10 in Shanghai to learn about children’s use of new media, parents’ attitude and involvement in children’s use of new media, and children’s views on parental involvement. On this basis, suggestions are given, and the research results are published in the core journal "Journalist" in August 2019.

  From "TV Children" to "New Media Children"

  As a post-1970s generation, Chen Qingwen admitted that he "grew up watching TV". When he was a graduate student at Fudan University 15 years ago, he studied the newly-emerging children’s channel in China. She said that the transition from "TV children" to "new media children" was even faster than the growth of a generation. And this change has brought a kind of trouble to parents: it is difficult to guide children to use new media reasonably with reference to their own experience.

  Some people may ask, how can they bring up the next generation when there was no TV in the older generation?

  "Because the new media is more interactive, participatory and creative than the traditional media, but without learning and guidance, children may just regard the new media as TV or game consoles." Chen Qingwen explained that, at the same time, new media are everywhere, and the content is all-encompassing, which is very different from traditional TV and other media. You can leave TV at home, but you can’t live without the Internet and mobile phones. In modern cities, "portable" and "always online" have become the common points for people to use new media.

  Chen Qingwen felt that "new media children" were born from the moment parents provided their children with new media equipment.

  Among the 30 families interviewed, one-third of the children have their own new media equipment, and the other two-thirds share it with their parents, many of whom will leave their unused new media equipment for their children to use. In terms of use, most children play games, followed by watching videos, and the third is the homework assigned by the school.

  According to statistics, more than half of the children use it for a long time, especially on weekends, almost for more than two hours a day. In the trend, many children in the kindergarten group have used new media for a long time, and the use time tends to lengthen with age. In addition, compared with the primary school group, the kindergarten group has a higher proportion of its own new media equipment, which shows that the use of new media is younger.

  In March this year, the Research Report on the Internet Use of Minors in China in 2018 jointly issued by the Youth Rights Protection Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League and China Internet Information Center showed that as of July 31, 2018, the number of underage netizens in China reached 169 million, and the Internet penetration rate of minors reached 93.7%, which was significantly higher than that of the national population (57.7%) in the same period. According to the report, this is a direct manifestation of the expansion of Internet coverage and the decline of mobile traffic charges in China in recent years, and it is also closely related to minors’ strong interest in the Internet, strong learning ability and great application demand.

  Don’t let machines take the place of parents’ company

  In the interview, the research team found that children’s use of new media is mostly due to lack of companionship, especially preschool children. Because parents are busy and have no friends to play with, children have to turn to mobile phones and tablets; With the increase of age, more and more children choose new media.

  Some parents even choose to use new media instead of themselves to accompany their children. In public places such as restaurants, children are often seen watching videos while eating, perhaps just to let their parents "have a good meal". "She is good with this and doesn’t make any noise, as long as she doesn’t make any noise." A mother said.

  The interview also found that with the increase of age, more and more children are more willing to choose new media than playing with friends; And the older children are, the less satisfied they seem to be with their new media use time. Most of the respondents in the primary school group felt that their use time was insufficient, and one girl felt that two hours a day was not enough.

  "When parents use new media instead of accompanying their children, the actual price paid is likely to be huge." Chen Qingwen pointed out in the research report, "As they get older, they are more likely to rely on new media. At this time, even if their parents want to accompany them, they may continue to immerse themselves in communication with machines. When machines replace humans to accompany children, even if people come back, the relationship between children and machines is unbreakable. "

  Chen Qingwen combined expert opinions and personal experience to give some suggestions to parents. "If you want to control underage children’s use of new media, try not to let them own their own equipment, just lend it to him, that is to say, give children the right to use it, while parents retain the right to control it. As for the balance between control and privacy, you need wisdom."

  She also said that although the current academic research is inconclusive about when to start controlling children’s use of new media, she feels that parents who are determined to control their children should take action as soon as possible. "It would be much better to let him know that parents should take care of it early than suddenly."

  Why can other children play computer games, but I can’t?

  In this "equipment battle", "children crying and parents yelling" is a common scene. The research team found that most children’s tricks are crying and "lai", and they can play as long as they can until their parents take away the equipment.

  Interestingly, on the question of whether parents are worried about their children’s use of new media, parents’ attitudes are polarized: 17 are worried, and 13 are not worried, either very supportive or very opposed.

  In the interview, some parents thought that "this is a trend" and "this thing will be accepted sooner or later", so they were not worried at all. A mother said: "everyone has it, but they just can’t fall behind." If she doesn’t understand, she feels like she is behind others and can’t keep up. "

  The attitude of parents who hold opposite opinions is also very clear, and their concerns are mainly reflected in three points: First, they are afraid of their children’s addiction; The second is to worry about the harm to vision; The third is to worry about the negative impact of inappropriate content such as violence.

  Chen Qingwen believes that such "two extremes" attitude makes parents’ work of disciplining their children in trouble. "Why he can I can’t, this is a child’s question. For example, children will say that classmates can use computers when they go home. Why can’t I? "

  Another reason is the change of family education style in China. “‘ Authoritative education ’ It is not easy to work. In the past, parents could answer no, but now they are likely to get a crying and keep asking. After all, children’s energy is much better than ours. "

  The research team also found that, as in the TV era, the way parents intervene in their children’s use of new media is mainly "restriction", and the time limit is more than the content limit.

  Most parents in the interview only know that their children are playing games or watching videos, but they don’t know what games or videos their children are playing. Some academic studies believe that restrictive guidance strategies can not only effectively help solve the problems that children may encounter on the Internet, but also easily lead to the decline of the quality of parent-child relationship or frequent conflicts.

  For children who are out of control, whether they cry, lose their temper or cheat, the parents interviewed said: "Let her cry", "Ignore her" or "yell at him", and some parents will be patient and reasonable, but children will still enter the cycle of yelling if they don’t listen.

  The mother of a 9-year-old boy said that she usually talks reason first and scolds him if she doesn’t listen. If she scolds him, she will have to yell at him at him at a higher volume. If she doesn’t, she will have to be punished, such as not using new media for a few days or increasing the number of homework. Most parents can insist on not using their children’s noise, but the children’s crying or losing their temper will continue.

  Academic research proves that parents’ positive intervention is more effective.

  "We just did a small-scale interview in Shanghai." Chen Qingwen said, "If you want to give scientific advice, you need to do extensive and long-term investigation and research in different cities and rural areas across the country."

  But before that, some countries encountered these problems earlier than China, and their academic research may provide reference.

  Chen Qingwen introduced that since the 1980s, the research on parents’ involvement in children’s media use has been popular in the United States. After 1990, the American government emphasized the role of parents in family policy, and related research received more attention. The research points out that the two main intervention methods adopted by parents are "making rules" and "restricting"; The actual behavior of parents can be divided into positive intervention methods such as parent-child discussion and negative intervention methods such as prohibiting or restricting use, and parents adopt the mode of sharing viewing between parents and children.

  In another paper on the use of new media by minors by British scholars in 2007, the author divided the intervention strategies of parents for their children to use new media into four categories. In addition to joint use and restricted use, parents will also adopt "technology restrictions", that is, use technology software or set restrictions on their children to prevent them from using unauthorized digital media content; And monitor children’s use of websites, letters and games in different ways. Their conclusion is that when parents take active measures to intervene their children’s use of new media, such as sharing or discussion, the negative influence of their children’s use of new media can be effectively reduced.

  Domestic research on the media also believes that parents’ intervention can bring positive results.

  For example, in the psychological aspect, the correct intervention of parents and families can reduce teenagers’ psychological anxiety, help build self-confidence and self-esteem and affect teenagers’ mental health; In terms of learning and risk reduction, parents’ active intervention in media use can improve teenagers’ learning effect, reduce the possible negative impact of violent content in the media, affect the formation of children’s gender role attitude, reduce children’s fear response to media content, and reduce some network risks that children may encounter.

  At the same time, parents’ ideas and the motivation and methods of intervention are extremely important.

  Foreign studies have found that the more parents want the Internet to have a positive effect on their children and think that the Internet will have a negative impact on their children, the more they will get involved in their children’s use of new media. Domestic research also points out that the more time online is strictly restricted by parents, the more recreational motivation teenagers tend to use the Internet.

  "The key point may not be whether children should use new media or how to use new media at all, but where the parents are and where the children’s minds are. Studies in different fields have pointed out that modern society is busier than before, and how parents create a happy parent-child environment will become an increasingly important issue. Quality companionship between parents and children is one of the necessary conditions for shaping parents. " Chen Qingwen’s interview report wrote.

  Communicate with your child with your heart

  What do children think of their parents’ control? The interview results show that on the whole, half of the children think that their parents are reasonable; At the same time, with the growth of children’s age, the proportion of recognition of parents’ intervention control has increased. And "making rules together" and "keeping your word" have become the common standards for children to measure the rationality of parental discipline.

  Taking nine children in the kindergarten group in the interview report as an example, Min Min, a 4-year-old (all minors below are pseudonyms), feels that his parents are much more in charge; Tingting, 5, feels that her parents don’t care much because they are reasonable. Zhu Zhu, a 5-year-old, said that she was afraid of her father because he was very fierce when he was angry and would say, "I’m telling you! I’m telling you! No matter how, I will kick you downstairs "; Kiki, Doll and Lingling, both 6 years old, are afraid of their mother and think her mother is too fierce.

  Among the 21 children in the primary school group, 13 children feel that parental control is reasonable, 5 children feel unreasonable, and 3 children are uncertain. Xiao Han, a third-grade student, told the interviewer that she felt that the parental control was sometimes reasonable and sometimes unreasonable. The unreasonable reason was that the mobile phone was forcibly taken away before the agreed time. "My mother said several times that she would play for me for 10 minutes. I didn’t expect that when it was almost two minutes, she said that it was 10 minutes. I didn’t want to, so my mother dragged me away. She said that it was evening and I couldn’t play any more."

  The interview report suggests that from the perspective of social environment, there are two urgent things: first, timely education courses related to new media literacy should be provided at different stages of children’s growth; The second is to improve parents’ ability to master new media and new technologies.

  "Not all parents have time and energy to participate or study independently. I think we can start with school education and issue some principles and suggestions for children to take back to their parents." Chen Qingwen explained.

  In addition to improving their understanding of new media and technologies, parents should also attach importance to communication between parents and children and accompany their children to use new media by guiding participation. Especially in the method of making rules, parents need to talk to their children often. "In fact, kindergarten children have a very clear concept, this is good, how long should it take. If the rules are made by the children themselves, or if the parents discuss with him, the children will be more willing to abide by them. "

  When attending international academic conferences, Chen Qingwen often discusses these issues with foreign scholars: when to give children new media equipment, how long the screen time should be in a day, and when to let children have their own social media accounts. "Although some organizations will give suggestions, for example, the screen time is no more than one hour or two hours a day, and general social software suggests that people are over 14 years old, but parents have different ideas, different social situations, different family situations, and different children, so you can refer to some research-based suggestions, but in the end you have to find a way that suits you. I don’t think there is an absolute standard."

  "According to the needs" is Chen Qingwen’s main basis. Her son rarely contacted new media when he was in kindergarten, but when he saw that other children had their own mobile phones, he said that he also wanted to have their own mobile phones. But this wish has not been realized until now that his son is going to middle school, because his son has no need to carry a mobile phone. When she entered middle school, her son needed a computer for some of his homework. The school asked for a laptop for her child, so she bought the laptop she wanted, but only if it was used for study and could not be loaded with games. "At present, the school has just started, and there are still any problems in the future. I am also walking and watching."

  "In our research, we found that intentional is better than unintentional. As long as you are intentional, children can feel it. My suggestions are: teach students in accordance with their aptitude, learn from each other, and communicate with your heart. From the perspective of communication, intentional communication can enhance feelings and reduce misunderstandings, which is actually the most effective method. " Chen Qingwen said. (China Youth Daily China Youth Network Trainee reporter Wei Qimeng)

Short-distance passenger flow is concentrated. On the second day of the New Year holiday, the national railway passenger flow decreased slightly compared with the first day.

Source: CCTV news client
Short-distance passenger flow is concentrated. A list of national railway passenger flow on the second day of New Year’s Day holiday
Today is the second day of the New Year’s Day holiday, and the national railway passenger flow keeps at a high level. It is estimated that 11.85 million passengers will be sent, and 10,682 passenger trains are planned, including 500 additional trains.
According to the forecast of ticket sales, Guangzhou, Beijing, Chengdu, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Changsha and so on are the top ten popular cities for the national railways today.
The top ten major cities are Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Zhengzhou and Changsha.
Today, the national railway passenger flow is slightly lower than yesterday, and the short-distance passenger flow is relatively concentrated, mainly for short-distance travel, family visits and student flows.
Today, the Yangtze River Delta Railway focuses on strengthening the transport capacity between Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing and Hefei to and from Ningbo, Huangshan, Fuyang, Suzhou, Lianyungang and Nantong. In Wuhan, Yichang, Shennongjia and other directions with obvious passenger flow, Wuhan Bureau of China Railway opened 115 passenger cars on Hanyi Railway and Hanshi High-speed Railway respectively to enhance the capacity. Xi ‘an Bureau of China Railway has opened a special New Year’s theme tour train around Qinling Mountain to let tourists enjoy the winter customs in southern Shaanxi. Lanzhou Bureau of China Railway opened more trains in key tourist cities such as Dunhuang, Jiayuguan and Wuwei. Today, Taiyuan Bureau of China Railway continued to implement the operation chart of the peak line, adding 21,800 passengers, and Pingyao Gucheng Station strengthened its docking with local buses in time to realize seamless docking of passengers entering and leaving the station.
Short-distance tours are hot, and ice and snow tours are particularly eye-catching this holiday. According to the concentration of ice and snow tourists in Changchun, Yanji, Dalian and Songyuan, Shenyang Bureau of China Railway added 45 pairs of temporary passenger trains during the holidays. Changbai Mountain Station also reduced the waiting time of group passengers by making an appointment to enter the station at the wrong peak. The Harbin Bureau of the State Railway arranged to open 38 pairs of passenger trains in Beijing, Tianjin, Jinan and Qiqihar, among which 3 pairs of trains were opened in the popular destinations of ice and snow tourism such as Yabuli and Mohe.
In addition, the newly opened route has also become a new choice for everyone to travel this holiday. Hangzhou-Changzhou high-speed railway, which was opened a few days ago, not only connects a number of national tourist attractions such as Hangzhou West Lake, Qiandao Lake, Huangshan Mountain and Jingdezhen in series, but also realizes holiday "hand in hand" with Fuzhou-Xiamen high-speed railway, adding high-speed trains from Xiamen North Station, Jingdezhen North Station and Poyang Station. The newly opened Fangdong Railway also ushered in the peak of passenger travel for the first time this New Year holiday. Dongxing city Railway Station has launched a Vietnamese language service, which is convenient for tourists to visit the Sino-Vietnamese border. Jizheng High-speed Railway and Lairong High-speed Railway ushered in the first New Year’s holiday after the opening of operation, and the passenger flow along the line increased significantly compared with normal days. Liaocheng West and other stations increased security and ticket checking service personnel to ensure passengers’ safe and smooth travel.
(CCTV News Client Headquarters CCTV reporter Li Weidai Dong Yu)
Reporting/feedback

Smooth sailing, China table tennis advances into "Grand Slam"


  Fukuhara Ai


    Men’s singles three tigers will advance to eight generals


    According to Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, 21st, in the men’s singles table tennis competition of the Beijing Olympic Games, with the typical "China speed" and "three tigers in table tennis", they easily beat their opponents and advanced to the quarterfinals.


    Before the game, China’s main rivals, South Korean star Ryu Seung-min, German "golden boy" Bohr and Belarusian samsonov, were eliminated by other opponents, and they missed the opportunity to compete with China players.


    Wang Liqin, the former king, eliminated Shi Lage, a famous European player, 4-0. Earlier, Wang Hao eliminated Han Yang of Japanese team 4-1. Ma Lin, who started at the same time as Wang Liqin, also beat Greek glinka by the same score at another table.


    Three China players advanced to the quarter-finals, reflecting the amazing "China speed": Wang Hao took 29 minutes, Wang Liqin took 25 minutes and Ma Lin took 26 minutes.


    The first two rounds were bye-bye. As the seed player, the "Three Tigers of Guoping" didn’t show up until the third round. On the same day, she played two sets in a row, first reaching the top 16 at noon and then entering the top 8 at night.


    On the next match day, Wang Hao will meet Gao Lize, Wang Liqin will fight Tan Ruiwu and Ma Lin will fight Sang Eun Oh. Only two European players, Croatian primorac and Swedish persson, will also compete in the semi-finals. The prospect of China’s men’s singles gold medal is becoming clearer.


    Women’s singles three will break into the semi-finals


    China’s Zhang Yining, Guo Yue and Wang Nan all made it to the semi-finals of women’s table tennis singles at the Beijing Olympic Games on the evening of 21st.


    Last night, the women’s singles quarter-finals started. Zhang Yining first played against Feng Tianwei of the Singaporean team, fighting for four sets, and Zhang Yining beat her opponent 4-1.


    Wang Nan met Tieyana of Hongkong team in China in the quarter-finals. The two sides have played against each other many times in history and know each other well. However, Tieyana was in a very poor state yesterday. She lost the first two games with a disparity score of 5: 11 and 4: 11. Although she pulled back one game with 13: 11 in the third game, the fourth and fifth games reappeared in a depressed state, losing two games with 2: 11 and 4: 11. In this way, Wang Nan defeated his opponent by a total score of 4: 1 and entered the semi-finals.


    Young Guo Yue’s opponent in the quarterfinals is Wu Xue of Dominica. There was no suspense in the game, and Guo Yue easily won 4-0 in straight sets.


    In the other quarter-final, Li Jiawei of Singapore defeated Wang Chen of the United States, becoming the only non-China player in the women’s singles semi-finals.


    Shi Zhihao, head coach of China women’s table tennis team, believes that all three players of China team have played their normal level so far, and China team will continue to strive for winning the women’s singles gold medal tomorrow.


    The semifinals and finals of women’s table tennis singles will be held on the 22nd. The two semifinals will be played against Zhang Yining against Li Jiawei and Guo Yue against Wang Nan. (Meng Xin)


    Fukuhara Ai smiled and left.


    Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, August 21st-Japanese player Fukuhara Ai used to cry when she lost, but after losing to China’s Zhang Yining in the women’s singles eighth final of the Beijing Olympic Games on August 21st, Fukuhara Ai left the field with a smile.


    "I’m quite satisfied with my performance in this competition, and I’m also very satisfied with my performance in the whole Beijing Olympic Games. If I get out of 100 points, I can get 90 points," Fukuhara Ai said.


    After the match with Zhang Yining on the 21st, Fukuhara Ai’s journey to the Beijing Olympic Games stopped: "I am in a good state of mind, and it is an honor to play against a world champion like Zhang Yining at the Olympic Games." On the 20th, Fukuhara Ai also told reporters that Zhang Yining might not play well due to the pressure at home. On the 21st, Fukuhara Ai told reporters, "I miscalculated yesterday, and Zhang Yining was not nervous at all in today’s game, and played very well."


    However, Fukuhara Ai also has regrets in this Olympic Games, that is, she failed to win a medal. She said: "It is a pity that the Japanese team failed to win a medal in both the team and the singles, but we have brought everything we usually train into full play, and there is nothing to regret if we tried our best."


    Put on a spare racket.


    Zhang Yining’s heart is half cold.


    "When the referee asked me to play with a spare racket, my heart went cold at once." Zhang Yining said after the game on the evening of 21st.


    According to Zhang Yining, when the match with Singaporean player Feng Tianwei was about to start, the referee suddenly informed her that her racket was unqualified and asked her to play with a spare racket. "I don’t know what’s wrong with my racket now, maybe it’s because the glue is too thick. The sponge on the spare racket is still three years ago, and the quality is much worse. I’m a little lacking in confidence before the game starts. "


    Before the game, Zhang Yining was generally thought to beat Feng Tianwei easily, but the game was full of tension. Zhang Yining struggled to win the first game with 13: 11, and lost the second game with 12: 14. Zhang Yining won the next three games, but the scores were very close, with 14: 12, 12: 10 and 13: 11 respectively.


    "After changing the spare racket, the temperature and radian of the power are somewhat different from those of the normal racket, and it is very awkward to fight. It’s not easy to beat your opponent. " Zhang Yining said.


    After the game, the referee took away Zhang Yining’s spare racket, and it is said that it will be tested again. Zhang Yining reluctantly told reporters that she had temporarily lost a racket. According to Xinhua News Agency


    Jiao Zhimin:


    National ball dominance does not depend on sea tactics.


    China table tennis team is getting closer and closer to achieving the goal of "Grand Slam" in this Olympic Games. Jiao Zhimin, a famous former China table tennis player and world champion, who now lives in South Korea, wrote an article revealing the secret.


    Jiao Zhimin revealed: "The founder of’ straight double-sided play’ is Liu Guoliang, the coach of China table tennis national team. He is a typical backhand player. Liu Guoliang realized that it was hard to hit the backhand straight, so he tried to stick rubber on the back of the racket to hit the ball. I didn’t expect this to become an opportunity for China table tennis to make a milestone development. Then Marin and Wang Hao became familiar with this style of play. Among them, Wang Hao can master the double-faced play more skillfully, making it reach the peak. "


    In the eyes of most people, China table tennis dominates the world, relying only on a huge basic training system and a steady stream of talents. However, as a world champion who used to be the standard-bearer of table tennis in China, Jiao Zhimin has a different view. "China table tennis coaches are always faced with the problem of how to dominate the world. They have been racking their brains to study new technologies. As a result, there are even players who play table tennis alternately with their left and right hands in China, who can hit the ball forehand in any direction, although this technology is not mature enough to appear on the international stage. "


    "Foreigners think that table tennis in China relies on the sea of people tactics because they don’t see the efforts made by coach China to develop new technologies." Jiao Zhimin said.

Editor: Shang Yanrong

What is culture? Culture can nourish heart and ambition.

Culture is not knowledge, culture is the pursuit of beauty! Expressed in more concise words, it can be abbreviated as: culture is the sum of language and words.

"Culture" can be expressed in four sentences:

1. Self-cultivation rooted in the heart:

Self-cultivation can be divided into two main contents. First, knowledge literacy is reflected in a person’s IQ; The second is humanistic accomplishment, which is reflected in a person’s emotional intelligence. Therefore, self-cultivation is improved through learning and cultivation the day after tomorrow, so as to achieve the realm of internalization in the heart, externalization in behavior, and integration of knowledge and practice.

2, don’t need to remind others consciously:

Self-awareness means that you know something and take the initiative to do it. The difference between humans and animals is that there are two lives: one is the life of the body; The second is the life of culture. Take away the "culture" tendon, people are just ordinary animals, and people are conscious.

3. Freedom on the premise of constraint:

Freedom is self-determined, without restrictions and constraints. The freedom advocated is a kind of freedom that is harmless to others in society, and it is based on goodness and justice. We should realize that freedom not only means the desire to be liberated from bondage, but also means the responsibility to respect the value of others’ existence. Only within reasonable limits and by using reasonable means can we achieve real freedom.

4. Kindness for others:

The first paragraph of the classic of Chinese studies "San Zi Jing" says: "beginning of life, human nature is good. Sex is similar and learning is far away. " This means that when people are born, their nature is good and their temperament is very similar. But with the different changes and influences of their living environment, everyone’s habits will be different.

If you treat others well, others will treat you well. If you are full of kindness, you can warm the people around you. In daily life and work, it is necessary to be helpful and kind to others, unite with leaders and colleagues, actively create a relaxed and pleasant working atmosphere, and construct harmonious interpersonal relationships.

According to the traditional concept of human beings, culture is a social phenomenon, which is the product of long-term human creation, but also a historical phenomenon and the accumulation of human society and history. To be exact, culture is the way of thinking, values, lifestyle, behavior norms, art and culture, science and technology of a country or a nation that can be passed down and spread. It is a universally recognized ideology that can be passed down for human communication and a sublimation of perceptual knowledge and experience of the objective world.

Culture is the total system of symbols (mainly words, supplemented by images) and sounds (mainly language, supplemented by phonology and notes) created and commonly recognized and used by people in the process of constantly knowing and transforming themselves and nature.

Culture, the afterlife of this life, is the behavior of some people to carry out their life beliefs. When the noblest place in a person’s temperament blooms in all aspects of life, when a person’s aesthetic taste is enough to give life a kind of elegance and flavor-that is culture.

Culture is the best nourishment.

Everything in the world is supported.

The grass and trees are in the wild, and the rain and dew are born to help; Body and mind are in the study, and kissing ink can nourish them.

If the study is a person’s spiritual sanctuary, then the long thing in the study is the pearl in this sanctuary.

Ancestors said: when writing, you can raise pens, when grinding, you can raise ink, when washing, you can raise paper.

When the library is in the library, the supplies of the study room can be spent over the years; If you are always close to things, your body and mind will be spiritually influenced.

Culture is the best nourishment.

The nourishment of life comes from the pursuit of life interest, but also from the immersion of long things.

In the rooms of ancient literati in China, there must be pens, ink, paper and inkstone for the case, and piano, chess, books and paintings for the lent. Besides, there are all kinds of elegant things.

Nowadays, when we see these old things in the study from a distance, we can hear the excited voices of the ancients and see their sincere faces as long as we understand them with our hearts.

They camped in the study, or played in Tibet, or lived in seclusion … and nourished by culture, which built a bright world for us.

Playing with Wen Zang can nourish the heart.

Culture is formed over time, and the way to hide and play can nourish the heart.

Elegance and vulgarity are often the first criterion in the way literati look at artifacts.

Whenever you see a thing, you should judge its advantages and disadvantages, define the realm of elegance with the mind of a gentleman, and create a true rhyme and taste that conforms to the literati’s aesthetics.

There are many beautiful things in the room, and the world is better than Taoyuan.

In the name of the post, the truth is orderly, and Mo Chi is fragrant; Appreciate the boxing stone, clear the supply, exquisite smoke and clouds, and the muscles and bones are towering;

Product green grass and bamboo, elegant room, case into a secluded field; Virtual Lu Qing Kuang, sitting in the dust to release concerns, elegant things Ming Zhen Yun;

Open-minded, all wonderful; Xuan Lang in Zhang’s room is natural and unrestrained.

By writing things in style, you can nourish your spirit.

Gewu, when there is an aesthetic seed, nourishes itself from the traditional scale.

Ancestors said: the piano is silent, the staff is light, the cup is elegant, the bamboo is cold, and the stone is impressive …

In addition to leisure and entertainment, there is a poetic charm in the study, which makes people physically and mentally idle.

If you do what you want from your heart, you will be a man, and you will not be detained, but you will not go beyond the rules.

It is the highest state to understand the nature within a certain statute, conform to the rules and set an example for future generations.

From things and devices, from devices and people, we can make our conscience in things and nourish our true qi in edification.

Living in seclusion with literature can raise your ambition.

China’s philosophy is a philosophy of leisure, and living in leisure can raise one’s ambition.

As the poet Ni Si said:

Reading books on righteousness and reasoning, learning the words of calligraphy and calligraphy, sitting quietly, talking with friends, drinking half drunk, watering flowers and planting bamboo, listening to the piano and playing with cranes, burning incense and frying tea, and going to the city to watch the mountains mean playing chess. Apart from the above, although I have other pleasures, it is not easy for me.

Life is leisure, and long things are companions. Whether reading, posting, burning incense, playing the piano, playing chess or drinking tea, long things in the study are the carriers.

Getting a period of leisure and happiness constitutes a brilliant aesthetic philosophy, which affects the world’s pursuit of leisure and elegance.

Today, we are far away from the luxury of spirit, and today’s dignitaries and rich people do not have such a life, because cultural life is not only material wealth, but also spiritual nobility, which is a real affair.

In this sense, the pursuit of beauty with culture is to immerse beauty in life.

If life is a flower, then culture is soil. May you and I live in peace in our daily life and drop the seeds of beauty and bloom the most wonderful flower.

END

Why can’t James be ahead of Kobe, and all the players only serve Kobe but not James?

There are indeed some controversies and different opinions about the respect and recognition of Kobe and James by players. However, this cannot be simply used as a criterion to evaluate who is greater. It is normal that every player and everyone has their own preferences and opinions.

Kobe Bryant and James are both excellent players, and they have excellent performances in personal ability and leadership. Kobe Bryant is famous for his scoring skills and winning ability. His sense of competition and dedication make him one of the greatest players in the history of the Lakers. James is famous for his comprehensive skills and basketball IQ. His leadership and teamwork spirit make him one of the greatest players in modern basketball history.

Both Kobe Bryant and James have achieved great success and achievements in their own time. Kobe has five championship rings, while James has four. They also have outstanding performance in personal honor and statistics. Therefore, it is unfair to simply attribute their achievements and contributions to other players’ comments on them.

Every player has his own characteristics and style, and their performance and influence on the court are also different. Therefore, players may have different views on Kobe and James. But in any case, we should objectively evaluate their achievements and pay tribute to their influence in basketball.

Finally, there are many great players in basketball, no matter Kobe, James or other players, they all have their own unique values and contributions. We should respect everyone’s opinion, rather than simply attribute the greatness of players to the evaluation of other players.

In addition, there are many differences between Kobe and James in their careers, which is also the great place to evaluate them. Kobe Bryant was the scorer of the Lakers in the early stage of his career, and gradually developed comprehensive skills and leadership in his subsequent career. His winning ability and team leader position in the competition are also his important characteristics. James, on the other hand, showed all-round skills and leadership early in his career. His physical fitness and basketball IQ made him an all-round player. His organization and leadership ability in the competition is also one of his important characteristics.

In addition, the game styles of Kobe and James are also very different. Kobe is an excellent scorer, and his shooting skills and winning ability make him an important offensive weapon in the game. James, on the other hand, is an all-round player. His physical fitness and basketball IQ enable him to play well on both offensive and defensive ends. His organizational ability and leadership also made him an important commander in the game.

Therefore, evaluating the greatness of Kobe and James should take into account their overall performance and contribution, and not just attribute it to other players’ views on them. Kobe Bryant and James are both one of the greatest players in modern basketball history, and their achievements and contributions can not be ignored. We should respect each player’s achievements and contributions, instead of simply attributing their greatness to other players’ comments on them.

Casemiro’s field data: 1 goal, 4 shots, 5 steals and 3 key passes.

Live on May 20 th, casemiro scored the only goal in this round of Premier League Manchester United’s 1-0 victory over Bournemouth. The following are his specific data in this field:

Competition time is 90 minutes.

1 goal

93 touches of the ball

74 passes and 59 successes.

Three key passes

Nine long passes and eight successes.

Four shots, two straight shots.

15 confrontations, 9 successes

Second clearance

Two interceptions

Five steals

Sofa score 8.5

(Chenpi is not orange)

[Appreciation of AI Painting Works-Antique] The first attempt to use AI painting, the effect is shocking

AI painting, that is, artificial intelligence painting, has broken through the limits of human beings, thus allowing painting analysis to enter a broader field of vision with humanistic spirit as the starting point and the foothold. Through artificial intelligence, a new field of painting art is opened. Artificial intelligence painting is usually mysterious, gorgeous, deep, complex and has a strong sense of the times, reflecting extraordinary imagination. Symbolizes the future development direction of painting.

As we all know, the level of AI has now reached a terrible level. AI painting is very popular recently, and the author himself has tried it, and the result is really surprising.

After thinking, I chose the tone of ancient style and tried to do the first AI painting.

The final output results are really surprising, and individual photos have reached the point where it is difficult to distinguish between true and false.

(As I am a beginner, I am not proficient in the use of AI painting software, and the computer equipment used is relatively old, so I only output the above four pictures.)

What picture should AI draw next time? You are welcome to leave comments, and I will try my best to meet your requirements.

Bournemouth vs Liverpool first-half statistics: shooting 3-9, possession rate 34.2% vs 65.8%.

Live on March 11 th, in the 27th round of Premier League, Bournemouth led Liverpool 1-0 at half time with Billing’s goal, and Sqauwka counted the data of the first half of the two teams.

Bournemouth vs Liverpool first half statistics (Bournemouth first)

Expected goal-0.87 to 0.71

Shoot-3 to 9

Straight shot-1 to 5

Touching the ball in the opponent’s penalty area-8 to 14

Ball control rate-34.2% vs 65.8%

Corner kick-2 to 6

Football News: Wei Shihao, Yan Dinghao and Li Yang are basically locked in the three towns.

Live broadcast on March 11th, according to Lu Mi, a reporter from Football News, three Guangzhou players, Wei Shihao, Yan Dinghao and Li Yang, were basically confirmed in the three towns of Wuhan, which showed enough sincerity in the process. After a long negotiation and waiting, three players were finally confirmed to join the team, which made the team more competitive. Under the current downward football market, the stable investment of the three towns and the AFC Champions League still have certain appeal to the players.