Today is the Lantern Festival, also known as Shangyuan Festival, Xiaoyuanyi Festival, Yuanxi Festival or Lantern Festival, which is an important festival in Chinese New Year customs. The first month is January, which is called "Xiao" in ancient times. The fifteenth day of the first month is the first full moon night in a year, so it is called Lantern Festival. On this happy day of the whole family, Yuanxiao, which symbolizes reunion, happiness and sweetness, is a must-have food for every household. Professor Zhang Zhilong, a special expert in the State Council, a famous Chinese medicine practitioner in Tianjin, and the chief physician of the Acupuncture Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Zhongyan, suggested to the public that Yuanxiao should be eaten skillfully when it is delicious, pay attention to protecting the mouth and stomach at the right time, choosing people to eat to prevent diseases, choosing cooking methods to reduce blood sugar and fat, eating in moderation, reasonable collocation and exercising after eating, so as to eat nutritious and healthy.
Eat the mouth-protecting stomach at the right time
Three Yuanxiao and a half bowls of rice can be eaten with extra meals.
Zhang Zhilong said that the main material of Yuanxiao is glutinous rice. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that glutinous rice has the effect of warming the body and moistening dryness. "Herbal Classic Shu" records that glutinous rice "supplements the spleen and stomach and benefits the lung and qi. If the spleen and stomach are supplemented, the middle warmer and the stool is solid. Warming can nourish qi, and gas filling is self-heating. " Therefore, eating Yuanxiao in moderation can achieve the effects of warming the spleen and stomach, resisting the cold and regulating qi. There are bean paste, black sesame seeds, peanuts and various nuts in the stuffing of Yuanxiao. Nut raw materials have high nutritional value, and bean paste is also rich in nutrients. However, Yuanxiao, the size of table tennis, is a "three high" food with high sugar, high fat and high fever. The saying "three Yuanxiao and half a bowl of rice" is reasonable.
First of all, a lot of white sugar and lard will be mixed into sweet stuffing such as sesame or bean paste, which tastes sweet and delicious, but contains a large amount of sucrose and oil. The oil content of three medium-sized Yuanxiao is equivalent to the oil of a plate of cooking. Secondly, generally speaking, the glutinous rice flour used in three Yuanxiao is equivalent to the rice used in one rice bowl, with an energy of about 175 kilocalories. After eating three or four sweet dumplings, you have basically absorbed the calories of a normal meal of rice. Therefore, Yuanxiao should not be eaten more, and the intake of staple food should be reduced appropriately, and it should be avoided to be used with foods with high sugar and high fat, so as not to induce other diseases.
In addition, in addition to nutritional factors, Yuanxiao is sticky and easy to stay in the stomach and stagnate the spleen, so it is not suitable for dinner. Especially when breakfast is eaten on an empty stomach, it is easy to have indigestion, pantothenic acid and heartburn. It is suggested that Yuanxiao be eaten as dessert or at 90 o’clock after breakfast in the morning or at an extra meal in the afternoon, two or three at a time. It is best to eat warm food, not too hot or too cold, too hot can easily cause oral or digestive tract mucosal burns; Too cold is easy to hurt the stomach and affect digestion. It is best not to eat Yuanxiao for supper, otherwise it will increase the burden on the gastrointestinal tract. It is best to exercise for more than two hours before going to bed after eating Yuanxiao.
Choose people to eat and prevent diseases.
Seven groups of people should be careful when eating Yuanxiao.
"In addition to timely and appropriate consumption, Yuanxiao, as a food with high sugar, high oil, high calorie and difficult to digest, is not suitable for everyone. Sugar friends’ and’ wind friends’ need to eat Yuanxiao scientifically and not let’ sweetness’ become a burden. " Dr. Song Linling from the Department of Gout, Zhu Xianyi Memorial Hospital of Tianjin Medical University said.
Song Linling said that the main raw material of Yuanxiao is glutinous rice flour. Compared with wheat flour, glutinous rice flour is more likely to raise blood sugar. At the same time, its stuffing is rich in sugar and fat. Sugar in food can raise blood sugar, and fat is also a master of making blood sugar rise persistently. Therefore, Yuanxiao has a great influence on blood sugar, so "sugar friends" should be temperate in eating Yuanxiao. For patients with hyperuricemia or gout, eating Yuanxiao needs more attention. Because the stuffing of Yuanxiao contains a lot of fructose, after eating a lot of fructose, the fructose content in blood increases, which accelerates the release of purine, thus increasing the serum uric acid, especially in gout patients.
First of all, when blood sugar is well controlled and stable, you can eat Yuanxiao in moderation; If the blood sugar fluctuates greatly, the control is not ideal or there are serious complications, it is best not to eat it. Secondly, if you eat Yuanxiao, you must reduce the staple food accordingly. Eat three Yuanxiao and lose half a bowl of rice. Third, stuffing-free dumplings are more "safe". Yuanxiao stuffing not only contains sugar, but also contains a lot of solid oil, which has considerable heat. Small dumplings without stuffing are more in line with the dietary requirements of "sugar friends" and "wind friends". Fourth, eating Yuanxiao can be matched with some low-fat and high-fiber foods, such as beans, vegetables, bacteria and algae, and cooking methods such as steaming, boiling and stewing are used. The staple food is high-fiber coarse grains to slow down the speed of blood sugar rise. Special reminder to "sugar friends" is to be wary of sugar-free traps. With the improvement of people’s health awareness, many businesses have also launched sugar-free Yuanxiao. In fact, sugar-free Yuanxiao just does not add sucrose, but also contains starch, oil and so on. Eating more is easy to raise blood sugar and blood lipid.
Zhang Ming, deputy director of the Nutrition Department of the Third Central Hospital of our city, said, "In addition to patients with diabetes and gout, patients with hyperlipidemia, hypertension and some gastrointestinal diseases, as well as the elderly and infants under 3 years old, eating Yuanxiao in large quantities also has certain risks." Patients with gastrointestinal diseases, including esophagitis, gastroenteritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, intestinal malabsorption, digestive tract ulcer, etc., eating a lot of Yuanxiao may aggravate the original gastrointestinal diseases. Patients with biliary and pancreatic diseases had better not eat fried yuanxiao. Most elderly people have decreased digestive function, tooth loss, and slow swallowing reflex, which may cause the throat of Yuanxiao to get stuck due to rapid swallowing, resulting in difficulty in breathing or even suffocation. Therefore, the elderly must not eat Yuanxiao while it is hot, but chew slowly. For infants, glutinous rice is sticky, and children under 1 year old are likely to stick Yuanxiao in the esophagus; Children aged 1-2 are not easy to chew peanuts in glutinous rice balls; Children with respiratory diseases should eat Yuanxiao as little as possible to avoid aggravating their illness; Older children should not rush to eat the whole Lantern Festival, but should divide it into 1/3 to 1/2 to prevent accidents.
Cooking hypoglycemic lipid by selective method
Steaming is a healthy way to open Yuanxiao.
Zhang Ming also reminded the public to pay attention to the date of food production, whether the packaging is well sealed, whether the shape of Yuanxiao is complete, and whether there are obvious cracks and powder removal. After purchase, it should be frozen and stored in time, and it should be taken out quantitatively within the validity period. Pay attention to check whether the appearance of Yuanxiao produced on the spot is gray, dark and moldy, and whether there is any odor. The deteriorated Yuanxiao with hard skin and slightly sour taste is likely to cause food poisoning. Yuanxiao is best to buy as you eat, and don’t store it for too long. When purchasing fillings, we should pay attention to the nutritional value, learn to read the nutritional label of food, choose varieties with clear ingredients and few additives, and try to choose low-sugar and low-fat varieties.
Zhang Zhilong suggested that people cook Yuanxiao by boiling and steaming to avoid frying Yuanxiao. Fried yuanxiao is not only unsafe to splash, but also increases its heat, and it is easy to destroy nutrients and produce carcinogens.
When cooking Yuanxiao, you should master four points: boiling water. Boil the water with strong fire, then put the Yuanxiao into the pot, gently push it away with the back of the spoon, and let the Yuanxiao rotate a few times so as not to stick to the bottom of the pot; Cook gently. After the Lantern Festival is boiled in the pot until it floats, it is necessary to quickly switch to slow fire. At this time, if it is still cooked with strong fire, it will break if it keeps rolling, and it is easy to cook outside and hard inside. Add cold water. After the Yuanxiao is put into the pot, an appropriate amount of cold water should be added every time it is opened, so as to keep it in a rolling state. After boiling for two or three times, it can be cooked for a while, and then it can be taken out for eating. The dumplings cooked in this way are soft and hard, sweet and delicious; Change the soup frequently. After the Yuanxiao is cooked in two or three pots, the soup thickens, which greatly restricts the activity of water molecules, so it should be boiled in water. Otherwise, it will be cooked slowly and easily caught. (Zhao Jin)