标签归档 苏州桑拿

The results of college entrance examination language Listening Test in the Summer of 2024 were released on February 26th! Good luck!

Because of concentration, so professional.
I’m Xu Yuqin, a reporter from Qilu Evening News, who is called "Lao Xu" by the parents of Shandong college entrance examination students.
The release time of college entrance examination language Listening Test Results in the Summer of 2024 is confirmed!
On February 1st, Shandong Education Admissions Examination Institute issued an announcement, which made it clear that the results of college entrance examination language Listening Test in summer of 2024 in our province would be open for inquiry at 10:00 a.m. on February 26th. The relevant matters are hereby notified as follows:
Let’s look at the text version:
A few days ago, Shandong Education Admissions Examination Institute issued the "Announcement on Issues Related to the Release of college entrance examination language Listening Test Results in the Summer of 2024 in Shandong Province". Let’s take a look at the specific contents.
The results of college entrance examination language Listening Test in the summer of 2024 in our province will be open for inquiry at 10:00 am on February 26th. The relevant matters are hereby notified as follows:
1. At that time, Shandong Education Admissions Examination Institute will send text messages to candidates, and candidates can also log in to the results inquiry system of Shandong Education Admissions Examination Institute’s website (website: https://cx.sdzk.cn/) to inquire about the results of the current exam within the specified time.
2. Candidates who have doubts about their test scores may, within 2 natural days from the day after the results are announced, go to the education entrance examination institutions in counties (cities, districts) where they take the test with their resident ID cards and admission tickets, and submit an application for review of their scores.
Shandong Provincial Academy of Education Recruitment and Examination
February 1, 2024
I wish you all good luck and good results!
(Source: Xu Yuqin Studio organized from Shandong Education Admissions Examination Institute)
Reporting/feedback

Ignite the "fire" of winter tourism

Source: [Ningxia Daily]

This winter, Yinchuan focused on emerging consumption hotspots, new consumption formats and trendy consumption scenes, and created five characteristic themes, 66 winter tourism projects and 112 sub-activities according to local conditions, presenting new products, new formats, new scenes, new ways of playing and new concessions of Yinchuan’s winter cultural tourism in multiple dimensions, and giving full play to the promotion of winter tourism marketing to the cultural tourism market.

Offering tourists a "big meal" of cultural tourism with rich cultural flavor and many new ways to play, so that tourists can experience the different winter in magical Ningxia in one stop. It must be said that the relevant departments have really made great efforts in tourism promotion. When it comes to visiting Ningxia, most people think that the best time period is the warmer weather season, and winter is the off-season of tourism. In fact, tourism has no off-season market, only off-season ideas. Seasons have never been the key factor that restricts the development of tourism. The key is whether the seasons can make a different feeling. Even if winter is not the most beautiful season in the traditional sense of Ningxia, as long as it is done with characteristics, it can ignite the "fire" of off-season tourism and give tourists a different experience.

To "break the ice" in the off-season, thoughts must be "thawed" first. Pursuing the "difference" of winter tourism is rooted in the change of thinking mode and working mode. Continue to explore the characteristic culture, enrich the tourism format, gather the tourist popularity, improve the industrial chain, carefully study what are their own characteristics and advantages, and then, with the confidence of winning and effective measures, promote the winter tourism market to flourish, which will surely make more tourists feel the unique winter scenery, come to Ningxia and fall in love with Ningxia.

This article comes from Ningxia Daily and only represents the author’s point of view. The national party media information public platform provides information dissemination and dissemination services.

ID:jrtt

What is culture? Culture can nourish heart and ambition.

Culture is not knowledge, culture is the pursuit of beauty! Expressed in more concise words, it can be abbreviated as: culture is the sum of language and words.

"Culture" can be expressed in four sentences:

1. Self-cultivation rooted in the heart:

Self-cultivation can be divided into two main contents. First, knowledge literacy is reflected in a person’s IQ; The second is humanistic accomplishment, which is reflected in a person’s emotional intelligence. Therefore, self-cultivation is improved through learning and cultivation the day after tomorrow, so as to achieve the realm of internalization in the heart, externalization in behavior, and integration of knowledge and practice.

2, don’t need to remind others consciously:

Self-awareness means that you know something and take the initiative to do it. The difference between humans and animals is that there are two lives: one is the life of the body; The second is the life of culture. Take away the "culture" tendon, people are just ordinary animals, and people are conscious.

3. Freedom on the premise of constraint:

Freedom is self-determined, without restrictions and constraints. The freedom advocated is a kind of freedom that is harmless to others in society, and it is based on goodness and justice. We should realize that freedom not only means the desire to be liberated from bondage, but also means the responsibility to respect the value of others’ existence. Only within reasonable limits and by using reasonable means can we achieve real freedom.

4. Kindness for others:

The first paragraph of the classic of Chinese studies "San Zi Jing" says: "beginning of life, human nature is good. Sex is similar and learning is far away. " This means that when people are born, their nature is good and their temperament is very similar. But with the different changes and influences of their living environment, everyone’s habits will be different.

If you treat others well, others will treat you well. If you are full of kindness, you can warm the people around you. In daily life and work, it is necessary to be helpful and kind to others, unite with leaders and colleagues, actively create a relaxed and pleasant working atmosphere, and construct harmonious interpersonal relationships.

According to the traditional concept of human beings, culture is a social phenomenon, which is the product of long-term human creation, but also a historical phenomenon and the accumulation of human society and history. To be exact, culture is the way of thinking, values, lifestyle, behavior norms, art and culture, science and technology of a country or a nation that can be passed down and spread. It is a universally recognized ideology that can be passed down for human communication and a sublimation of perceptual knowledge and experience of the objective world.

Culture is the total system of symbols (mainly words, supplemented by images) and sounds (mainly language, supplemented by phonology and notes) created and commonly recognized and used by people in the process of constantly knowing and transforming themselves and nature.

Culture, the afterlife of this life, is the behavior of some people to carry out their life beliefs. When the noblest place in a person’s temperament blooms in all aspects of life, when a person’s aesthetic taste is enough to give life a kind of elegance and flavor-that is culture.

Culture is the best nourishment.

Everything in the world is supported.

The grass and trees are in the wild, and the rain and dew are born to help; Body and mind are in the study, and kissing ink can nourish them.

If the study is a person’s spiritual sanctuary, then the long thing in the study is the pearl in this sanctuary.

Ancestors said: when writing, you can raise pens, when grinding, you can raise ink, when washing, you can raise paper.

When the library is in the library, the supplies of the study room can be spent over the years; If you are always close to things, your body and mind will be spiritually influenced.

Culture is the best nourishment.

The nourishment of life comes from the pursuit of life interest, but also from the immersion of long things.

In the rooms of ancient literati in China, there must be pens, ink, paper and inkstone for the case, and piano, chess, books and paintings for the lent. Besides, there are all kinds of elegant things.

Nowadays, when we see these old things in the study from a distance, we can hear the excited voices of the ancients and see their sincere faces as long as we understand them with our hearts.

They camped in the study, or played in Tibet, or lived in seclusion … and nourished by culture, which built a bright world for us.

Playing with Wen Zang can nourish the heart.

Culture is formed over time, and the way to hide and play can nourish the heart.

Elegance and vulgarity are often the first criterion in the way literati look at artifacts.

Whenever you see a thing, you should judge its advantages and disadvantages, define the realm of elegance with the mind of a gentleman, and create a true rhyme and taste that conforms to the literati’s aesthetics.

There are many beautiful things in the room, and the world is better than Taoyuan.

In the name of the post, the truth is orderly, and Mo Chi is fragrant; Appreciate the boxing stone, clear the supply, exquisite smoke and clouds, and the muscles and bones are towering;

Product green grass and bamboo, elegant room, case into a secluded field; Virtual Lu Qing Kuang, sitting in the dust to release concerns, elegant things Ming Zhen Yun;

Open-minded, all wonderful; Xuan Lang in Zhang’s room is natural and unrestrained.

By writing things in style, you can nourish your spirit.

Gewu, when there is an aesthetic seed, nourishes itself from the traditional scale.

Ancestors said: the piano is silent, the staff is light, the cup is elegant, the bamboo is cold, and the stone is impressive …

In addition to leisure and entertainment, there is a poetic charm in the study, which makes people physically and mentally idle.

If you do what you want from your heart, you will be a man, and you will not be detained, but you will not go beyond the rules.

It is the highest state to understand the nature within a certain statute, conform to the rules and set an example for future generations.

From things and devices, from devices and people, we can make our conscience in things and nourish our true qi in edification.

Living in seclusion with literature can raise your ambition.

China’s philosophy is a philosophy of leisure, and living in leisure can raise one’s ambition.

As the poet Ni Si said:

Reading books on righteousness and reasoning, learning the words of calligraphy and calligraphy, sitting quietly, talking with friends, drinking half drunk, watering flowers and planting bamboo, listening to the piano and playing with cranes, burning incense and frying tea, and going to the city to watch the mountains mean playing chess. Apart from the above, although I have other pleasures, it is not easy for me.

Life is leisure, and long things are companions. Whether reading, posting, burning incense, playing the piano, playing chess or drinking tea, long things in the study are the carriers.

Getting a period of leisure and happiness constitutes a brilliant aesthetic philosophy, which affects the world’s pursuit of leisure and elegance.

Today, we are far away from the luxury of spirit, and today’s dignitaries and rich people do not have such a life, because cultural life is not only material wealth, but also spiritual nobility, which is a real affair.

In this sense, the pursuit of beauty with culture is to immerse beauty in life.

If life is a flower, then culture is soil. May you and I live in peace in our daily life and drop the seeds of beauty and bloom the most wonderful flower.

END

Football Association, the real reason for the continuous decline of football in China!

After taking office, the leaders of the new Football Association vowed the administrative program and development plan as before, among which the youth training work was placed in an extremely prominent position.

Looking back on the development history of modern football in China, the national team has lost ground from once to now. From the quasi-first-class in Asia at the beginning, it has fallen to the third-rate now. The real reason lies in the stubbornness of the football system and the exaggeration and failure to implement the youth training.

In 1985, Grandpa Deng proposed that "football should start with dolls". Thirty years later (February 2015), the First Secretary proposed that "we should develop and revitalize the football cause, pay attention to the mass base, consolidate the talent base, start with dolls, start with grassroots units, and start with mass participation".

Therefore, every president of the Football Association has vowed to talk about football from dolls and intensify efforts to do a good job in youth training.

But what about the actual situation?

At present, there are fewer and fewer excellent top players trained by youth training, but more and more players with mediocre skills. The results of the junior and national youth teams are getting worse and worse, and even qualifying for the group in Asia is a luxury.

But why should every leader of the Football Association take youth training as the focus?

Because youth training is a long-term systematic project, it is difficult to show real results and achievements in 3-5 years. The term of office of the president of the Football Association is generally four years. As long as you don’t make mistakes during this period, the youth training work can always be described and written. As for the national team’s performance is getting worse and worse, it can be completely pushed to the predecessor, who did not do a good job in youth training.

In my opinion, as a capable and responsible leader of the Football Association, we should concentrate on the development and implementation of youth training, rather than overemphasizing the illusory youth training (it’s like a family child who has not studied yet, and generally preaches that he should be trained as a schoolmaster in Tsinghua and Peking University). Even if you really want to focus on youth training, can the leaders of the Football Association make a written pledge to fulfill a military order, and what kind of achievements the junior high school and the national youth team will achieve during their term of office? If they fail to achieve their goals, they will resign.

In my opinion, youth training is important and needs constant efforts. However, it is urgent for the leaders of the Football Association to grasp how to change the unreasonable systems of China football and how to govern the current foul-mouthed competition. How to improve the professional ability of football referees; How to locate the real strength of the national team in Asia and work out the actual plan and the achievements and goals that should be achieved in the competition.

Only such a leader of the Football Association can be a good leader with responsibility, courage and sincere desire to promote China football.

Therefore, when the leaders of the Football Association took office, they vowed to do a good job in youth training, which is a real reason for the continuous decline of football in China!

The above analysis is purely personal. Welcome everyone to express their opinions and discuss and exchange for the rise of football in China!

Warriors Clippers reached a 3-for-1 deal! George teamed up with Curry! Paul returned to Los Angeles.

The Warriors Clippers reached a three-for-one deal, and George teamed up with Curry Paul to return to Los Angeles. With the deepening of Hugh Secchi, many teams have completed the reinforcement of their lineup. For the Golden State Warriors, their lineup is not perfect enough.

I have to admit that Chris Paul still has some trading value on the court, and many players played in his series for the Suns last season, and Booker is very grateful to Paul.

He said, in fact, when I was young, I learned to play like Paul, but I never had the opportunity to join hands with him. After joining hands with him, I also made up for my previous organizational deficiencies, and he will become one of the most important teachers in my basketball career. Paul himself must be very happy to have such praise.

According to saxophone, the management of Golden State Warriors is currently in contact with the management of Clippers, and they seem to want Paul George very much. The Los Angeles Clippers also think they need a mature point guard, so the Warriors may exchange Chris Paul for Paul George. What do you think of this deal?

76 people suffered heavy losses! Badly injured or reimbursed for the season, bid farewell to the NBA!

76 people suffered heavy losses! Badly injured or reimbursed for the season, bid farewell to the NBA!

On August 3rd, Beijing time, the 76ers suffered a huge blow in the NBA playoffs. Their captain harel, while checking his knee, accidentally found a serious problem with his knee, that is, his knee. In this case, harel’s chances of next season will be greatly reduced, and he is likely to make a complete break with the NBA.

Harel got the status of a free agent in the summer. At first, they didn’t think he would return to the 76ers, but in the end, they signed a basic salary contract with the 76ers. The 76ers changed their coach, and harel wanted to try. However, no one expected that his physical condition would be so bad that it might even affect his career.

Harel had an MRI because his right leg and knee suddenly became swollen in the previous exercise, and it turned out that he had strained the anterior cruciate ligament and meniscus of his left leg. This kind of injury is still very serious, and it is estimated that it will be ruined next season. If so, the 76ers will probably lay off Li Dai, because the contracts they signed with Li Dai are all veterans. If Li Dai can’t bring them any benefits, they will also lay off Li Dai.

Harel’s situation is rare. He didn’t even realize how serious his injury was, which would probably lead to the end of his NBA career. In the 22-23 season, harel’s strength was greatly reduced, because there were not many playing opportunities. His average playing time was only 11.9 minutes, and he got 5.6 points and 2.8 rebounds, which made him lose the chance to be selected in the playoffs, so he returned to the 76ers.

Originally, I just wanted to spend the rest of the season in a daze, but after the season ended, he suffered another big injury, which made his future gloomy. After all, the recovery from this injury is a very long process. Even harel, 29, wants to reach his peak again, which is not an easy task. Moreover, there are many players in the 76ers. Reed and Bamba have signed contracts, which means that harel is likely to be traded, and then he will bid farewell to the NBA, and it is difficult to come back, because no team will attach importance to him.

News Calendar | April 23rd World Book Day

April 23 rd

World Book Day

I am full of life, and I am full of poetry and books.

The full name of "World Book Day" is "World Book and Copyright Day", also known as "World Book Day". The original idea came from the International Publishers Association. In 1995, UNESCO declared April 23rd as "World Reading Day", which was also the anniversary of the death of the famous Spanish writer Cervantes and the famous British writer Shakespeare.

The keynote declaration of World Reading Day is: "I hope that people scattered around the world, whether old or young, whether you are poor or rich, whether you are sick or healthy, can enjoy reading, respect and thank the masters of literature, culture and scientific thought who have made great contributions to human civilization, and can protect intellectual property rights."

As the window of China’s reform and opening-up, Shenzhen has been unswervingly promoting reading for all. In Shenzhen, block bookstores and specialty bookstores can be seen everywhere, and the mega-bookstore is the first to lead the trend; The library is always packed, and citizens line up to study; The annual Shenzhen Reading Month is a common "cultural carnival" for the citizens … Scenes of warm and comfortable reading witness the development of Shenzhen’s urban spirit.

In 2013, UNESCO awarded Shenzhen the title of "Global Model City for Reading for All", which is the highest honor that the organization awarded to global cities on reading for all.

Today in those days Shenzhen News

In 2021, Shenzhen was awarded the title of "City of Great Beauty" and "City of Comfort"

On April 23rd, 2021, the 2020-2021 "China Good Life City Release Ceremony" was held in Chengdu, and Shenzhen was awarded "Great Beauty City" and "Comfortable City". "China Good Life City Launch Ceremony" relies on the data of the largest survey of people’s livelihood feelings in the world-"China Good Life Survey", and the evaluation results are obtained by model calculation.

2019 Guangdong college entrance examination new plan announced

On April 23, 2019, the Information Office of the People’s Government of Guangdong Province held a press conference to inform that the provincial government issued the "Implementation Plan for Deepening the Comprehensive Reform of College Entrance Examination System in Guangdong Province" after being reviewed and filed by the Ministry of Education, marking the official launch of a new round of comprehensive reform of college entrance examination in Guangdong Province. The examination is divided into summer college entrance examination and spring college entrance examination, and the undergraduate examination subjects adopt the "3+1+2" model.

In 2011, Jingji 100 Building was capped.

On April 23, 2011, Jingji 100 Building, a key city construction project in Shenzhen, was successfully capped at a height of 441.8 meters, which set a new record for the highest building in Shenzhen at that time. In addition, 180,000 dreams from all walks of life were also sealed at the top floor of the building, and Jingji 100 became the first urban landmark building to record the "peak dream" of Chinese people.

Today’s species:gardenia

gardenia

"Gardenia blossoms, so lovely, is a faint youthful pure love …" Walking on the streets of Pengcheng in early summer, the breeze is mixed with the long fragrance of flowers. It is gardenia.

Gardenia has a long history of cultivation in China, and it was planted artificially in the Han Dynasty. "Compendium of Materia Medica" records: "Well, wine vessels are also. Zi resembles it, hence the name. The common saying is’ 中中’. " In ancient books, gardenia with double petals was called "white toad".

"Gardenia blossoms are as white as silver." The most obvious feature of gardenia is six white petals, which, together with jasmine and Prynne, is called "Three Whites" in the rainy season in the south of the Yangtze River.

The fruit of gardenia is a famous dye since ancient times, which is used to smudge yellow. It was even used to dye the emperor’s robes in the Han Dynasty.

Gardenia’s white flowers and rich fragrance have left many good memories for people. In many areas, flower farmers will cut their own flowers and sell them, while girls will buy them back or tie them in their hair or keep them indoors.

Today’s celebrities

[China]Wei Yuan (April 23, 1794—March 26, 1857) was an enlightenment thinker, politician and writer in the Qing Dynasty. He believed that the theory of learning should be based on the principle of "putting the world into practice" and advocated learning advanced western science and technology. He was the first representative of intellectuals who "opened their eyes to see the world" in modern China. His Map of the Sea Country puts forward the central idea of "learning from foreigners to control foreigners", which is an epoch-making masterpiece.

ChatGPT is more than just a chat bot.

From chat bots to large-scale language models to ChatGPT, artificial intelligence has not only been a research field, but has been integrated into our lives. ChatGPT became popular on the Internet within the first five days of its debut, with 1 million users. A large part of the concern around ChatGPT is what it can do.
If you want to ask me, what is the value of artificial intelligence ChatGPT besides chat robots? I will tell you without hesitation: there are many more.

1. Text generation makes the language more vivid.

ChatGPT has a wide range of applications in text generation, such as helping people to automatically generate various types of texts, such as news reports, novels, papers, emails, short messages and so on.

Article creation

It can automatically generate high-quality articles according to the theme, style, tone and other elements, edit and modify them, and help writers, journalists, marketers and so on to quickly generate the first draft of articles, saving a lot of time and energy. Improve the quality of articles.

I want to write a modern science fiction novel with the theme of predicting the future. Please give me an outline of the article.

machine translation

While maintaining sentence structure and semantics, we can quickly translate one language into another, including common European languages, Asian languages, Middle Eastern languages and African languages. This is very useful for cross-language communication and cross-cultural communication, and helps people better understand different cultures and values.

Dialogue generation

ChatGPT can use the information and context collected in previous conversations to predict the next possible answer according to the probability model. Maintain consistency and fluency, so that users feel that they are communicating with real people. It plays a great role in intelligent customer service, chat robot, voice interaction and so on.

2. Intelligent sorting and quick tabulation

Sorting and tabulation are very important problems in computer science and are widely used in many fields. ChatGPT provides more efficient and accurate solutions for practical work scenes through natural language processing and machine learning technology.

Sorting aspect

ChatGPT can generate a new list sorted according to specific rules based on the entered numeric or text list. For example, it can be sorted by number size or alphabetical order, or by a custom rule. It extracts key information from user input through natural language understanding, and uses machine learning algorithm to generate ranking results. Users can get the sorting results more quickly without having to write the sorting algorithm manually.

Watchmaking

With the input data information, ChatGPT can generate tables or charts, and summarize and calculate the data. For example, according to the input sales data, it can generate a sales report classified by product or region, and calculate the total sales and average sales for each category, thus helping sales personnel to obtain visual results more quickly and understand and analyze the data more easily.

In addition, ChatGPT can also generate automatic summaries and keywords according to the input text, thus helping users to understand and analyze a large amount of text data more quickly. These functions can improve the work efficiency and accuracy in the field of computer science and provide users with more convenient and intelligent tools.

3. Role-playing, mock interview

ChatGPT’s application in simulated interview includes simulating the roles of interviewer and candidate, generating questions and answers, and simulating different interview situations and scenarios to help candidates better prepare for real interviews. This can provide a more realistic interview experience and help candidates understand the interview process and their performance in different situations.

In addition, ChatGPT can also be used to simulate various interview situations and scenarios. For example, simulate the situation of answering questions in a nervous situation, simulate the situation that the interviewer asks complex or challenging questions, or answer more convincingly when the interviewer asks questions. Through these simulations, candidates can better understand their performance in various situations and make full preparations for the real interview.

4. Help programmers find problems quickly and provide solutions.

ChatGPT also plays an important role in helping programmers find code bugs. Programmers often encounter various problems when writing code, such as logical errors, grammatical errors, algorithm problems and so on, which will affect the performance and stability of the code. ChatGPT provides programmers with effective auxiliary tools through natural language processing and machine learning technology to help them locate and solve problems faster.

Specifically, ChatGPT will generate possible answers to questions and fix code bugs according to code fragments and questions provided by programmers. Through natural language understanding, key information is extracted from programmers’ questions and combined with code fragments to generate possible answers, thus helping programmers find solutions to problems faster and improving work efficiency and code quality.

In addition, ChatGPT will use advanced machine learning technology to provide more accurate and targeted problem-solving solutions by learning and analyzing a large number of code bases and development documents, so that programmers can solve problems faster and improve their programming skills.

5. Inspired, the design is no longer monotonous.

The application of ChatGPT in design will help designers to better carry out creative thinking, design concept discussion, scheme formulation and design draft optimization, and improve the efficiency of designers and the quality of design works.

The source of creative inspiration and the formulation of design scheme

Designers can get related words, phrases, sentences or paragraphs by inputting design-related keywords, thus helping designers to broaden their thinking, broaden their horizons and gain more inspiration and creativity. Further providing detailed information and requirements about the design scheme, such as brand name, positioning, target users, design elements, etc., will generate some design schemes based on this information, helping designers to work out the schemes more quickly.

Discussion on design concept and conception

The designer asked ChatGPT some open questions, such as "How to embody the cultural values of the brand in the design?" "How to combine design elements with user experience?" ChatGPT will generate a series of thoughts and suggestions on these issues to help designers explore and think deeply about design concepts.

6. Excel auxiliary application

ChatGPT can help users complete such work as data analysis, chart making, formula calculation, pivot table, macro writing, etc., and improve users’ work efficiency and accuracy. At the same time, ChatGPT will also provide skills and suggestions on the use of Excel to help users better use Excel to complete various tasks.

7. Music creation

We can use ChatGPT to generate lyrics, melodies, chords, rhythms and other elements to assist music creation. At the same time, it can also be used as a creative inspiration tool to generate creativity and inspiration by inputting some keywords or themes, which can help musicians broaden their thinking and improve their creative efficiency. In addition, ChatGPT can also be used in natural language processing and music analysis in the music field to support the development of the music industry.

Since the development of artificial intelligence, it has changed from simple data simulation to intelligent driving. ChatGPT is not just a chat robot, it is providing services for us in a brand-new way, and its diversified ability can make this new technology improve efficiency and quality for both individuals and enterprises.

ChatGPT is hot out of the circle? Wait, the pig farm also has black technology.

Recently, ChatGPT has been popular. Before that, Wang Huiwen, the co-founder of Meituan, released the AI ? ? hero list, announced that he would pay for himself, and set up Beijing Lightyear Technology Co., Ltd. to confirm his entry. Later, there was an extreme dialogue between programmers from big factories and ChatGPT. From emotional consultation, project management to novel creation, ChatGPT was almost omnipotent and omnipotent (PS, Xiaobian was trembling with fear).

Behind the explosion of ChatGPT is everyone’s embarrassment and concern for the field of artificial intelligence. So is there any application of artificial intelligence technology in the field of pig breeding? How do they combine?

01

The Origin and Development of Artificial Intelligence Technology

Artificial intelligence technology is a branch of computer science. The original intention of its creation is that scientists hope that computers can imitate human intelligence, so that machines can handle complex things.

Artificial intelligence can be traced back to 1950, and Allen Matheson Turing put forward the famous "Turing Test" [which refers to asking questions to the testee through some devices (such as keyboards) when the testee is separated from the testee (a person and a machine). After many tests, if the machine makes the average participant make more than 30% misjudgment, then the machine has passed the test and is considered to have human intelligence.

In the same year, he published the paper "Computing Machine and Intelligence", and put forward and tried to answer the question "Can a machine think?". After the paper was published, it received extensive attention and discussion, and Turing was later called "the father of artificial intelligence".

In 1956, John McCarthy (computer scientist and cognitive scientist), an assistant professor in the Department of Mathematics at Dartmouth College, located in the small town of Hannos in the eastern United States, invited a group of big coffee scholars including Marvin Minsky (winner of Turing Prize in 1969) and Claude Shannon (founder of information theory) to hold an academic conference. The conference mainly discussed topics such as machine imitating human intelligence, including: how to program computers, neural networks, calculation scale theory, mechanical theory (referring to self-learning), randomness and creativity.

Dartmouth Conference has been held for more than two months. Although the participants did not reach an agreement, they agreed on a word for the discussion: Artificial Intelligence (AI). At this point, the word artificial intelligence began to appear in people’s field of vision, and 1956 was also called the first year of artificial intelligence. After that, the theoretical research and practical application in the field of artificial intelligence continued to break through (see the development history of AI for details).

(Image from Demeo Consulting Wang Wei)

Before ChatGPT, the last time artificial intelligence was widely concerned was in May 2017, when Alphago defeated Li Shishi, the world Go champion, by a score of 4: 1, and will face Ke Jie, a player from China, at the world internet conference in Wuzhen. You know, after Li’s defeat in artificial intelligence, Ke Jie made a statement in the media: Even if Alpha Dog beats Li Shishi, it can’t beat me.

Before the start of the competition, Ke Jie had high hopes and was once regarded as "the last hope of mankind". However, the reality is cruel. Alphago(Master) beat Ke Jie, a talented teenager in China, with a score of 3: 0.

After the on-site interview, Ke Jie once choked:Playing chess with AlphaGo is too painful, AlphaGo is too calm, it is too perfect, and I can’t see any hope of victory.. So why is "artificial intelligence" technology so powerful?

02

Analysis of artificial intelligence technology

Artificial intelligence mainly includes five core technologies, namely computer vision, machine learning, natural language processing, robotics and biometrics.

Computer vision is a science that studies how to make machines "see", which means that cameras and computers are used to identify, track and measure targets instead of human eyes, and further graphic processing is carried out, so that computers can be processed into images that are more suitable for human eyes to observe or send to instruments for detection.

Machine learning is the core of artificial intelligence technology, which enables intelligent machines to simulate human behavior independently with the support of algorithm complexity theory, convex analysis, statistics and other disciplines. Machine learning refers to how to improve the performance of specific algorithms in empirical learning, that is to say, machine learning is based on massive data or past experience to optimize the performance standards of computer programs.

To put it simply, this process is similar to personal self-reflection, which is to review past experiences and then adjust the optimization behavior so as to do better next time. But different from personal reflection, personal reflection has limited sources of experience, while machine learning is based on a huge database given by developers, with wider sources of experience and data and more timely feedback based on goals.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a variety of theories and methods to study how to achieve effective communication between people and computers in natural language. Natural language processing is a science integrating linguistics, computer science and mathematics, which can be mainly applied to machine translation, public opinion monitoring, automatic summarization, viewpoint extraction, text classification, question answering and so on.

Robot refers to performing tasks such as working or moving through programming and automatic control. Robots have the basic characteristics of perception, decision-making, execution, etc., which can assist or even replace human beings to complete dangerous, heavy and complicated work and improve work efficiency and quality. At present, sweeping robots have entered the daily life of the public.

Biometric technology is closely combined with high-tech means such as optics, acoustics, biosensors and biostatistics through computers, and uses the inherent physiological characteristics (such as fingerprints, faces, irises, etc.) and behavioral characteristics (such as handwriting, voice, gait, etc.) of human bodies/creatures to identify their identities, such as "face recognition" and "pig face recognition".

Therefore, artificial intelligence can be understood as imitating human information input (images, words, sounds, etc.), information processing (based on the correct thinking model in the past) and then action execution, and constantly strengthening various abilities in the process to achieve the set goals and continue to improve. The core of artificial intelligence lies in deep learning, that is, continuous feedback and continuous optimization based on strategy.

The mechanism of deep learning is similar to the deliberate practice learning method proposed by Florida psychologist Anders Millard J. Erickson. Anders pointed out that the key factor to distinguish a person’s mediocrity and Excellence in the professional field is the degree of deliberate practice. The longer the deliberate practice, the higher the professional level. Deliberate exercises mainly include four elements:Clear goals, staying away from the comfort zone, concentration and timely feedback.. Different from human deliberate practice, the deliberate practice process of the machine has no emotion, so it is more efficient to execute.

Just a few months after Alphago(Master) defeated Ke Jie, in October of 17, DeepMind team published a new paper in Nature magazine, and launched a new generation of product AlphaGo( Zero). The paper points out that Alphago(Zero) reached the level of Alphago(Master) in only 21 days, and when Alphago(Zero) played the 40th day, it had already defeated all previous programs and won the world Go championship.

Afterwards, the industry put forward three cores for Alphago to quickly reach the top level in the world: first, it adopted a learning algorithm combining machine learning and neuroscience; Second, in Google’s powerful cloud computing system, more than 30 million steps of professional chess player’s chess manual have been learned through a large amount of data analysis; Third, throughThe ever-increasing self-gameFind a better idea than the basic chess manual. Artificial intelligence technology is created by human beings, and the achievements in some aspects are far beyond human beings, which may also be worth thinking and learning.

03

Application of artificial intelligence technology in pig farm

The combination of artificial intelligence technology and agriculture can be traced back to March 2015. Li Keqiang, then Premier of the State Council, put forward the action plan of "internet plus" for the first time in his government work report; In July of the same year, the State Council issued the Action Plan on Actively Promoting the internet plus (hereinafter referred to as the Action Plan).

The Action Plan clearly puts forward to actively promote the modern agriculture in internet plus, and points out that it is necessary to establish standardized scale livestock and poultry breeding bases and aquatic healthy breeding demonstration bases,Promote the popularization and interconnection of intelligent devices such as accurate feed delivery, automatic disease diagnosis and automatic waste recycling.. The release of Action Plan opened the historical curtain of agriculture in internet plus.

After that, AI technology, like other emerging Internet technologies, was gradually applied to the practice of agricultural industry. On the one hand, new cutting-edge technology, on the other hand, traditional agriculture, how do they combine? What kind of sparks will break out?

Scenario 1: Pig farm monitoring and pig inventory

Since the outbreak of African swine fever in 2018, biosafety has been crucial for aquaculture enterprises. Under the traditional breeding mode, people and things inside and outside the pig farm are complicated, and materials, vehicles, birds and animals come in and out frequently. It is extremely difficult and time-consuming to achieve effective supervision. For example, in the process of dissecting dead pigs, improper wearing of protective clothing by operators may cause the spread of diseases in pig farms. It is difficult to pass the manual on-site review, and it is impossible to supervise all the time. By using technologies such as artificial intelligence and Internet of Things, employees’ misconduct can be identified and early warning signals can be conveyed to managers in time, which can effectively avoid the risk of disease spread.

In addition, artificial intelligence technology can also be used to count and estimate the number of pigs. In the traditional breeding process, pig dealers need to go to the pigsty for on-site counting and weighing in the pig selling process. By using the camera above the pig farm combined with artificial intelligence technology, the pigs in the pen can be counted in real time, so as to achieve the effect of remote pig watching and real-time weight estimation.

The AI patrol and early warning interface of "Pig Xiao Zhi" of rural credit cooperatives.

Scheme of intelligent pig farm with integrated rural credit, mathematics and intelligence for message or private message consultation

Scene 2: Intelligent dung cleaning robot and inspection robot

Pig farm is a model of large-scale farming. Large-scale farming and high manure output are difficult problems that plague the operation of enterprises. In traditional farming mode, manual cleaning is usually needed, and the labor input cost is high in the process of manual cleaning. Some pig farms use water to clean manure, which consumes a lot of water, and at the same time, it is easy to cause high humidity in pig houses and cause health problems of pigs. By using artificial intelligence technology to develop a dung sweeping robot, it can effectively solve the problems of difficult cleaning, reducing water consumption and saving costs.

Similarly, robots developed by combining intelligent speech recognition and visual recognition technologies can cruise around the pigsty all day, find abnormal pigs (such as fever and shivering) in the pigsty in time, prevent and control diseases in advance, and effectively resolve the risk of disease infection.

Mu Yuan inspection robot

The above are only typical application scenarios of artificial intelligence technology in pig farms. With the expansion of business scale and the improvement of cost control and biosafety requirements of enterprises, the combination of artificial intelligence technology and pig breeding is becoming closer and closer.

04

tag

At last year’s Deep Bay Meeting, in view of the application of intelligence in pig farms, Qin Yinglin, chairman of Mu Yuan Co., pointed out: "It takes three years for us to train an excellent employee, and many employees are unqualified for three years, which takes five or even ten years. But we want to make a machine in the assembly line, and gather all our wisdom of raising pigs. We are producing this very quickly now, and producing thousands of units a day is equivalent to producing the corresponding number of laborers. "

It can be seen that artificial intelligence technology has been applied on a large scale in the farms of some enterprises. With the continuous development and mature application of technology, it is certain that "unmanned pig farms" and "unmanned farms" will eventually come true.

References:

Talking about the development of AI from ChatGPT, consulting with Deme.

Nature is heavy: human beings have misunderstood the dopamine mechanism in the brain! ? Top Edition AlphaGo Enlightens Brain Science, Quantum Bit

Qin Yinglin’s Sharing in Deep Bay Meeting, Wandou Agricultural Science.

Guiding Opinions on Actively Promoting "internet plus" Action, the State Council

Football News: Wei Shihao, Yan Dinghao and Li Yang are basically locked in the three towns.

Live broadcast on March 11th, according to Lu Mi, a reporter from Football News, three Guangzhou players, Wei Shihao, Yan Dinghao and Li Yang, were basically confirmed in the three towns of Wuhan, which showed enough sincerity in the process. After a long negotiation and waiting, three players were finally confirmed to join the team, which made the team more competitive. Under the current downward football market, the stable investment of the three towns and the AFC Champions League still have certain appeal to the players.